Diploma holders in Architectural Assistantship are supposed to prepare working drawings of buildings. Knowledge of building materials is very essential from the point of construction for providing detailed specifications in the working drawings. Therefore, the course in building materials includes imparting basic knowledge in the properties and use of the basic materials like: stones, bricks, lime, cement, paints, timber, exterior and interior finishes, glass, plastics, building hardware, roofing materials, additives and admixtures, adhesives etc.
Teachers are expected to demonstrate the samples of different materials, discuss their properties with particular reference to their use and appearance in particular situations depending upon climate and environmental conditions of the site, where the materials are to be used. Students should be encouraged to collect samples of various materials and efforts should be made to maintain a good building material museum.
NOTE: The students are also expected to go through Architecture Journals like inside – Outside, Interiors today, Design and Interiors, Architect and builder, Builders Friend etc. They should make scrapbook of relevant brochures.
1. Floor Finishes (Laying sizes, availability, popular brand names, quality of polish, uses and current market rates) (6 hrs)
Terrazzo Tiles and Flooring
Glazed terracotta and ceramic tiles
Cement Concrete Tiles
Marble stone, Kota stone, slate, red sand stone, granite – their tiles and slabs
Linoleum tiles and rolls
Heavy duty flooring for industrial building
2. Wall Finishes (along with application method) (8 hrs)
Wall board homogeneous
Laminated fiber boards – types
Plastic wall tiles – tiles available
Cork sheets and tiles
Foam rubber tiles and rolls
Textured paint finishes
3. Ceiling Materials (Size, quality, their availability, types of finishes, uses, trade names, market rate and application methods. (8 hrs)
Gypsum plaster boards plaster of Paris board
Plain AC sheets – E board etc.
Medium density fibre board (MDF)
4. Roofing Materials (8 hrs)
Corrugated PVC sheets
Their standard sizes, uses, availability, prices and knowledge about supporting system
5. Additives and Admixtures (6 hrs)
Water repellants and water proofing agents
Air entraining agents
Workability increasing agents
Their availability, uses, costs, performance specifications, and properties used under various conditions.
6. Adhesives (4 hrs)
Synthetic resins (their trade names, uses of synthetic resins, costs, application in various situations as compared to traditional materials and methods)
7. Kitchen and Toilet Fixtures (8 hrs)
Market survey of various materials and collection of data with reference to their properties, sizes, costs, designs etc. (Specifications of kitchen and toilet fittings and fixtures, their popular brand names, shapes and sizes).
Note: Sizes, specifications and availability of sanitary fittings e.g. W.C/ Cisterns/Urinals/Wash basins/Kitchen sinks, related accessories their types, brands and costs.
Note: The study should be supported by market survey of materials with brands, sizes, rates and availability. An exercise should be conducted to take the students to building material exhibitions and make them aware of new materials being launched in market and let them prepare a brief report on the application of new materials and understand how to chose a material for a specific purpose after evaluating its availability, cost, performance and elegance etc.
Teachers should demonstrate samples of various materials while imparting classroom instruction. Teachers may also arrange some field visits to manufacturing production units and retailer shops like cement, kilns, timber saw mills and seasoning plants, hardware shops, glass houses etc. Students should be encouraged to collect samples of various materials and catalogues of manufacturer. The students may maintain a scrapbook for this purpose. A museum of building construction, materials may be developed where samples of latest materials their specifications, characteristics, rates availability (supplier and relevant codes may be kept) to enhance to level of understanding of the students. The application of various materials should be shown to students in various buildings of importance, as reference
This is one of the fundamental subject covering basic building construction and finishing materials. Teachers should demonstrate samples of various materials while imparting classroom instruction. Teachers may also arrange some field visits to manufacturing/ production units and retailer shops like cement, kilns, timber saw mills and seasoning plants, hardware shops, glass houses etc. Students should be encouraged to collect samples of various materials and catalogues of manufacturer. The students may maintain a scrapbook for this purpose. A museum of building construction, materials may be developed where samples of latest materials their specifications, characteristics, rates, manufacturer (supplier and relevant codes may be kept) to enhance the level of understanding of the students.